US History
CIVIL WAR & RECONSTRUCTION
Zinn, Chapter 9 reading guide #2
Pages 186 – 205


1. Lincoln’s priority as President was unifying the states.  How does this political / personal goal affect his other policy of emancipating the slaves?

2. What is ironic about the Emancipation Proclamation (with regard to “freeing the slaves”)?

3. Other than fighting as soldiers of the Union Army, how did the slaves help force surrender of the South?

Important quote from an unnamed Confederate General:  “If slaves will make good soldiers, our whole theory of slavery is wrong.”

4. If one of the arguments or theories supporting the claim that slaves were happy in bondage was that some of them stayed on the plantations during the war and following the emancipation proclamation, what does Zinn offer to refute it?

5. What situations and policies were obstacles for Southern Blacks getting land following the war?

6. Following the assassination of Lincoln, Andrew Johnson became president.  What did Johnson do with regard to the rights of the freed slaves?

7. Name one of the “Black Codes” enacted by southern states.

8. What are some of the immediate advancements made by Blacks following the war?

9. The Supreme Court, in the late 1870’s, began to interpret the 14th amendment in a manner, which made it difficult to enforce.  What was its interpretation? (Page 199)

Important fact: 19 of the 24 northern states did not allow blacks to vote.

10. What was Booker T. Washington’s statement about his fellow Blacks? (Page 203-04)

11. What is Du Bois’ vision of the working poor?  What is this new capitalism?

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