World History
CHINA: chapters 7 & 8

True? Not True? If the statement is completely TRUE, mark “T” on the answer sheet.  If the statement is completely of partially FALSE, mark “F” on the answer sheet.
1) The first Ch’in emperor burned alive several hundred scholars opposed to Confucianism.
2) During the Ch’in Dynasty, farmers were respected more than the merchants were.
3) The Ch’in Dynasty drew inspiration from the Confucian Scholars, who helped to guide the decisions of the Emperor.
4) The Great Wall was built to help the Chinese government stop rebellions in the rural farming areas.
5) The Han Dynasty restored history as an important component of learning.
6) The Quasi-Legalists won the ‘salt and iron’ debate, as state monopolies became a regular part of government finance.
7) The T’ang Dynasty saw the rise of Buddhism as a popular religion.
8) The T’ang Dynasty instituted tests for its public officials.  These tests were based on Taoist & Buddhist teachings.
9) Neo-Taoism favored spontaneity and admired those who defied convention.
10) Confucian Scholars looked to nature and the universe for a natural order.  Signs in nature could give clues to understand whether actions by people and governments are harmonious.

Multiple Choice.  Choose the BEST answer.
11) China was unified by the:
a) Former Han Dynasty.
b) Later Han Dynasty.
c) Chou Dynasty.
d) Ch'in Dynasty.
12) Which of the following most helps to contribute to the rapid spread of Buddhism during the third century?
a) It held out the promise of salvation.
b) It was associated with the Hsiung Nu.
c) It helped support the government’s idea of the Dynastic Cycle.
13) “Conscription” means:
a) the final stage of the Dynastic Cycle
b) draft into public service
c) a section of government, which makes laws
d) the test which government officials must take
14) The final stage of the Dynastic Cycle would most likely include:
a) natural disasters & rebellions
b) the forming of new alliances between aristocrats
c) public works
d) a feeling of invisibility
15) The “Salt & Iron” debate concerns:
a) whether or not merchants should be able to purchase salt & iron from the Mongols
b) whether the government should hold monopolies and do business with the merchants
c) whether or not the Legalists or the Confucian scholars should advise the Emperor
d) whether or not the merchants should be allowed to sell items in the capitol city
16) The "Son of Heaven" was a title that provided:
a) Justification for trade monopolies.
b) An ethical justification for dynastic rule.
c) Justification for building the Great Wall.
d) All of the above

17) After the Empress Wu:
a) Confucian scholars were exiled.
b) No woman would ever become emperor again.
c) The old northeastern Chinese aristocrats were exiled.
d) The T'ang Dynasty fell into political chaos.
18) The Dynastic Cycle refers to:
a) the rise and fall of governments
b) the growth of the Empire
c) the Buddhist tradition of meditation
d) a vehicle that only the Emperor can ride
19) The “mandate of heaven” means:
a) God favors China
b) The Emperor is in harmony with nature
c) The Empire’s success is a sign that heaven approves
d) Heaven has told the Emperor to unify the China
20) Which dynasty was associated with the Golden Age of Buddhism in China?
a) Yuang.
b) Sung.
c) T'ang.
d) Sui.

True? Not True? If the statement is completely TRUE, mark “T” on the answer sheet.  If the statement is completely of partially FALSE, mark “F” on the answer sheet.
21) No woman has ever ascended to the Chinese throne.
22) The Mongols were nomadic and lived in felt tents, west of China in the grasslands.
23) The “Silk Road” is a trade route that linked China with the West.
24) One belief of Buddhism is that God judges a person by their actions.
25) The Sung Dynasty used paper and metal money to make trade.
26) A “tax base” is the amount of moneys the government collects from its citizens.
27) The Mongols attacked China because they felt the Chinese God’s had dishonored them.
28) Genghis Khan used a strongly organized cavalry and a compound bow to conquer his enemies.
29) Buddhist temples served the government by providing services as inns and bathhouses.
30) The Yin & Yang are symbols used by the Emperor to acknowledge his faith to Taoism.
31) The Chinese invented the abacus and gunpowder.
32) The Ch’in used brutality and strict laws to strengthen its government.
33) In the philosophy of the Yin & Yang, one action or position cannot exist without the other.

Mark the following statements with regard to being an idea or action of a philosophy or religion.
Mark [a] for Legalists, [b] for Buddhism, & [c] for Confucius.
34) believed people were naturally selfish
35) believed the purpose of education was to uncover the goodness in each person
36) made laws which punished actions that weakened the government
37) believed that an individual can achieve personal salvation
38) received inspiration from India for their philosophies
39) looked for the “blue dog” to signal an end to the “mandate from heaven”
40) devised the “Dynastic Cycle”

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