World History
1st Semester Review
Schill

Early Civilizations & Peoples
Paleolithic
Neolithic

Homo Erectus
Neanderthal
Homo Sapiens
Sumer
Mesopotamian Civilization
Babylon
Egypt

Impact of:
Tools
Agriculture

4 Important Religions & Philosophies
Hindu
- Atman
- Brahman
- physical material existence = impermanent/transient
- the absolute = unborn/unchanging/unknowable infinite
- samsara
- karma
- liberation
- middle path & extreme path
- dharma
- Buddha
- Mahariva

Hebrew
- monotheism
- Abraham & Isaac & Jacob
- prophets
- messiah
- messianic time
- covenant

Chinese
- Confucianism
- nature
- sage
- Taoism
- “the uncarved block” / “doing nothing” / “naturally”
- Legalism
- laws & ruling people

Greeks (covered in next section)
- reason
- philosophy

Greeks
The Polis
- development
- hoplites
Tyrants

City States
- Sparta
- Athens

Wars
- Pelopennisian Wars
- Sparta & Athens

Government
- Aristocrats
- Hoplites
- The Polis
- Politics / Oligarchy / Democracy / Idiots

Olympic games
Hellenes
Homer – Iliad & Odyssey = sacred books gave values of manliness, gave self-consciousness, identity, history, ethics, purpose of life and so on

Religion
- no doctrine, no clergy, no church organization
- Good fortune (make sense of life’s inconsistencies)
- Myths = come to grips with puzzles of life
- Oracles
- Greek gods are human like – maybe men can be god-like?
- Homer ordered the gods

Hubris / tragedy
Justice / balance
Moderation – too much of anything is bad
Hubris = blindness = retribution, learn through suffering, middle ground is best

Rome
Government
Imperium
Senate
Imperialism
Dictator
Triumvirate
Consul
struggle of the orders
Augustus
Republic

Wars
Punic Wars
Hannibal
Carthage

Society
Roman hero
Latin
Client/Patron
Patrician/Plebeian
Religion

Leaders
Ceasar Agustus
Constantine
therories as to why the Roman Empire fell
economics of land ownership

Rome & Christianity
Spread of Christianity
Catholic
Orthodox
Pagan
Heretic
Prophet
Evangelism
Trinity
history box home

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