Gilded Age

Expansion & Immigration

Exam                                                                                      Name:

TRUE / NOT TRUE.  If the statement is entirelyTRUE, then write “T” on the answer sheet.  If the statement is partially or completely false, write “F” on the answer sheet.

1)       ”REMEMBER THE MAINE” is a cry of the public prior to the Spanish / American War – this phrase is related to the USS Maine, which was sunk off the coast of Hawaii.

2)      The Spanish-American war involved the Spanish, the French, and the USA.

3)      Nationalism & Jingoism are similar in that both terms refer to a pride in one’s country.  However, Jingoism is more extreme than Nationalism.

4)      To “ANNEX” is to join a new territory to an existing country.

5)      A “BANANA REPUBLIC” is a country under the control of a Spanish socialist dictator.

6)      Imperialism occurs when stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations.

7)      Hawaiians voted to ask the US to allow it to be annexed so that it could become a state.

8)      Both the Rough Riders & the Buffalo Soldiers fought in the Spanish-American War.

9)      The Spanish-American War is an example of US imperialism.

10)    “Yellow Journalism” contributed to the nationalist feelings in the USA – and helped instigate the Spanish-American War.


MULTIPLE CHOICES.  Choose the BEST answer.

11)   Which of the following countries/islands were liberated as a result of the Spanish-American War?

a)      Spain

b)      Philippines

c)      Puerto Rico

d)      Cuba

e)      All of the Above

12)   Teddy Roosevelt called the Spanish – American War a “splendid little war” because:

a)      Less than 400 Americans died in battle - the US received, Puerto Rico, Guam, & the Philippines

b)      The US was able to gain important sea ports in Asia

c)      Hawaiian fruit growers were able to convince the US to accept them as a new state

d)      All of the above

e)      None of the Above

13)   Which of the following is not true regarding an “Open Door” policy in this era?

I)                   It instigated the Spanish American War

II)                 It resulted in the Panama Canal

III)               The USA wanted access to Chinese Economic markets

IV)               The USA was worried that other countries would not allow American business to compete in foreign markets

a)      I & II

b)      II & IV

c)      III & IV

d)      Only IV

14)   The Panama Canal was necessary because:

a)      A Canal built across Central America would link the Atlantic & Pacific Oceans & allow the navy to move quickly to protect US in time of war

b)      Anti-French feelings in the US caused worries in the American population

c)      Banana Republics were in need of faster shipping for delivery of their fruits

d)      None of the Above

15)   Roosevelt’s GREAT WHITE FLEET was:

a)      Used to defeat the Cubans in the Spanish American War

b)      An all volunteer Navy that Roosevelt led

c)      A part of the US Navy on a cruise around the world – to demonstrate the nation’s impressive naval power

d)      A phrase used to describe the European Imperialists who would seize Chinese territory


More True/Not True.

TRUE / NOT TRUE.  If the statement is entirelyTRUE, then write “T” on the answer sheet.  If the statement is partially or completely false, write “F” on the answer sheet.

16)   Dollar Diplomacy wanted to substitute ‘dollars for bullets’.

17)   Dollar Diplomacy didn’t work completely because many investments were lost during revolutions.

18)   Persons who supported American Military efforts in other countries supported their statements by saying, “We are planting in those islands…the best traditions, the best characteristics of Americanism.”

19)   Some Americans disagreed with the US foreign policy during this era.  They believed American was acting against the founding principles of this nation – acting as an Imperial Nation, colonizing other countries.

20)   Monroe Doctrine stated the USA would not tolerate any European influence in the Western Hemisphere.

21)   President Taft was for military solutions, while President Roosevelt introduced the notion of “Dollar Diplomacy.”

22)   RESTRICTIVE COVENANTS are agreements among homeowners not to sell real estate to certain ethnic groups.  These covenants assist in keeping immigrants in ghettos.

23)   REFORMERS used newspapers to promote the understanding & increase the visibility of the conditions in tenements.

24)   GRAFT is a term used to describe the conditions in tenement buildings and ghettos.

25)   POLITICAL MACHINES often ignored the immigrants and poor and courted the votes of the suburban middle class to get their party elected.

26)   “Nativist” is a term, which defines the economics among the poor during the Gilded Age.

27)    Since most immigrants were poor they traveled in steerage, the open area beneath the deck.

28)   Immigrants often received the menial jobs, doing, mainly, farm work.

29)    By the 1880’s motorized transportation made commuting easier – speeding the growth of the suburbs Cable Cars, Electric Trolleys, Subways, and Automobiles allowed greater growth and encouraged the move to the suburbs.

30)   Tenements are low-cost apartment buildings designed to house as many families as the owner fit in the building.



31)   Many immigrants chose to live in areas where other like ethnicities succeeded.  Which of the following contributed to this choice.

a)      Known language

b)      Common religion

c)      Recognizable traditions

d)      All of these

e)      None of these

32)   Which of the following best describes the “Anglo-Saxon” myth?

a)      The Vikings were the first to discover America

b)      Human evolution had culminated in the Anglo-Saxon race

c)      Anglo-Saxons were responsible for the finer points of civilization

d)      People of Jewish origin were more cultured

33)   Which of the following best defines “eugenics”?

a)      The melting pot of America creates more genetic possibilities in the human race

b)      American Indians were of "inferior" blood

c)      Heredity determined cultural and social patterns; therefore, selective human breeding would advance civilization

d)      The Anglo-Saxons were the only pure race

34)   Which of the following countries is NOT under the USA’s “Sphere of Influence” during this era?

a)      France

b)      Cuba

c)      Philippines

d)      Guam