US History

American Industrial Age

Examination                                                                          Name:


TRUE / NOT TRUE.  If the statement is entirely TRUE, then write “T” on the answer sheet.  If the statement is partially or completely false, write “F” on the answer sheet.

1)      As the Industrial Age occurs in the later half of the 19th century and early 20th century, the monetary inequality between rich and poor widens.

2)      One of the technological advances that occur during this era occurs in communication.  For example, the telegraph and telephone is invented.

3)      Monopolies can be defined as a company who buys out competitors and their patents; then, they regulate prices themselves, without competition from other companies.

4)      When a worker negotiates a contract with a company it is called a strike.

5)      “Laissez-faire” policies are used when a government attempts to gain control over monopolies and trusts.

6)      There were fears that Labor Unions of this era might adopt some Capitalist ideas.

7)      “Captains of Industry” was a term coined to refer to those business executives who were in favor of socialist ideals and government regulation and control of industry.

8)      In 1896, the Democrats had adopted the Populist movement. They were defeated when the corporations used large amounts of money in the political campaign.

9)      Farming changes around 1900.  Farmers used more machinery to grow crops.

10)   According to Zinn, immigrants were used to break strikes and keep wages low by increasing the number of available workers.  By having more workers than jobs, employers can keep wages low.

11)   In the early 1890’s, there was a great boom (success) in the nation’s economy.  More jobs were being created.  Workers were gaining in strength because employers needed people to work.  This ended the need for unions for this era.

12)   During this era, gold was used to establish the basis (or worth) of currency.

13)   According to Zinn, race hindered the Farmer’s Alliance because the white farmers and the black farmers had different needs, which were often at odds with each other.  For example, the white farmer was struggling against unfair storage and transportation costs, while the black farmer wanted a higher wage to work the fields.

14)   Cartels are loose associations, usually formed in secret, where members agree to limit supply.

15)   Race hinders the Populist Party and its movements to create equality because, even though whites and blacks are in similar situations with regard to banks and business, they are confused by racial inequalities.

16)   During this era, women were not expected to work and were not a part of the labor force.

17)   TheSpoils System is a term used to describe when elected officials were free to appoint friends to positions in the government.

18)   Scabs are defined as strikebreakers who replace striking workers.

19)   The “Gilded Age” is a term coined by Mark Twain to describe the great structures made of metal and the advent of electrical devices which were occurring during this era.

20)   Industrialized America did make several improvements for its citizens...among these improvements were the increase in the number of colleges and universities.  Also, more teens were attending high school (and graduating) than in other industrialized countries.


Multiple Choice.  Choose the Best Answer.

21)   Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois had different ideas about the education of Blacks in America.  Which of the following best states Washington’s thoughts?

a)      former slaves should receive more education than the free blacks, in order for them to “catch-up” and become equal with other “free” blacks

b)      Blacks should be given a free education, including college, in order for them to have an equal opportunity

c)      Blacks should attend colleges and universities, which are founded and supported by Blacks, so they can lead their people as Africans and as Americans, respecting their complete heritage

d)      Blacks should be taught skills and trades to survive in a hostile racial environment, and succeed in jobs which the whites feel blacks should occupy




22)   Which of the following business leaders made their fortune in exclusively in the steel industry?

a)      Andrew Carnegie

b)      James Melon

c)      David Rockefeller

d)      J. P. Morgan

23)   Which of the following is not an innovation or invention in this era?

a)      electricity

b)      printing press

c)      refrigeration

d)      steam engine

24)   Which of the following is not a concern of the unions and workers of this era?

a)      an 8 hour work day

b)      child labor laws (removing children from the workplace)

c)      work place racial discrimination

d)      equal pay for equal work

25)   The term “collective bargaining” can be defined as:

a)      equal pay for equal work

b)      workers unifying to voice their needs and the acceptance of a contact

c)      a union tactic devised to keep women from being part of negotiations

d)      the types of script or coupons given to workers instead of pay in currency


For the following section: identify the political party, which supports the following ideas or statements.

a) Republican Party                            b) Democratic Party


26)   supports Blue Laws (laws which tend to be morally based)

27)   supported by the Farmer’s Alliance

28)   supported by northern urban immigrants

29)   wants to restrict immigration

30)   favored an increase in money supply


Which of the following is true regarding “social Darwinism”?  If it is place a “T” if not place an “F” for the answer.

31)   believed commodities & products (their pricing & availability) should be regulated

32)   this philosophy is supported by the business leaders of its time (Carnegie & Rockefeller, for example)

33)   believes “natural selection” & “survival of the fittest” can be applicable to economics

34)   this philosophy was used to state that companies should not be taxed

35)   this philosophy favors free enterprise over socialism


TRUE / NOT TRUE.  If the statement is entirely TRUE, then write “T” on the answer sheet.  If the statement is partially or completely false, write “F” on the answer sheet

36)      can we history really be objective?

37)   The Homestead strike involved workers from Carnegie’s steel plants – the workers were forced back to work by United States officials because they disrupted the production of air planes for WW 1.

38)   Marx submits the purpose of the state (or government) in free enterprise is to protect the workers from large corporations and greedy factory managers.

39)   Zinn states the “rages to riches” stories help propel the myth of the American Dream.  People believe that if they work hard, play according to the rules, and get an education, with a little luck, they will be wealthy.

40)   By 1900, farming had changed.  Farmers used more machines, allowing greater production of goods.