The Makings of a Constitution Outline

IN 1781:

13 LITTLE REPUBLICS

WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO END A MONARCHY

ALEXANDER HAMILTON

ARTISTS & WRITERS SEE & PROMOTE NATIONALISM

NATIONALISM

THE PROBLEM OF A CONFEDERATION

1786 & SHAY’S REBELLION

1787 DELEGATES GO TO PHILADELPHIA

JAMES MADISON

Procedings are kept secret

News black-out

Patrick Henry is suspicious (former governor of Virginia)

Large Democracy needs checks & balances

Protects minority from majority

Democracy works only in face to face, so: Extensive Republic

Faction is the savior of democracy

Diversity prevents oppressive majority

Liberties can be lost by a majority using the government to assert their ideas

Emerge after a few months with a new structure, not new confederation

Shocking ‘cause it is unexpected

6 years for a senator – difficult to support, elections are annual at that time

seems to disregard the rights fought for in war, now replaced by strong Federal government

FOR THE CONSTITUTION

Money interests, businesses

G. Washington is popular & he is for it

AGAINST THE CONSTITUTION

Local government officials, who can’t seem to rise to power

DEBATE

What system protects liberty?

ANTI’S

FEDERALISTS

RATIFACATION

WHERE ARE THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE?

Anti’s = where are the rights of the people, this is the rights of government

Fed’s = Webster, no need to list rights of people, since they elect officials, the system protects

JAMES MADISON proposes Bill of Rights

Both sides win

Our government is to work from the bottom to up, while the style it’s replacing works from the Top down